December 31, 2010
Managing through significant financial challenges while protecting classroom resources, along with promoting the safety and security of students and launching initiatives aimed at improving student outcomes marked 2010 for Chicago Public Schools.
The District built on earlier successes in such areas as increased student test scores, higher graduation and college enrollment rates, and lower drop-out rates, continuing the progress it has made since Mayor Richard M. Daley took leadership of CPS 15 years ago.
This year the District reported gains in elementary school Illinois State Achievement Test scores as well as the Prairie State Achievement Exam taken by high school students, and advanced an ambitious program to remake career education in high schools.
Changes in operating procedures and record keeping were also introduced to ensure fairness, equal access and transparency.
CPS began the process of developing its fiscal 2010-11 budget facing as much as a billion dollar deficit. District officials engaged with other school leaders from around the state to press Illinois lawmakers for additional funding, given the national economic downturn that has affected public agency revenues all over the country.
The state was, and at year’s end remains, hundreds of millions of dollars behind in its promised aid payments to CPS, forcing officials to look at other measures to manage through the crisis.
As the budgeting process progressed, the District was able to reduce the projected deficit through a number of actions, beginning with pension relief and reform enacted by the Legislature. Locally, officials took actions such as instituting Central Office and citywide staffing efficiencies, requiring non-union non-school-based staff to take 15 unpaid furlough days, utilizing available federal funds and establishing a line of credit to maintain an appropriate operating balance.
Ultimately, the Chicago Board of Education in August approved a $5.177 operating budget that maintained programmatic and classroom resources.
Despite the challenging economic times, teaching and learning accomplishments and initiatives remained front and center for the District:
- Illinois State Board of Education data showed that CPS elementary school students meeting or exceeding state standards in 2010 reached 71.7 percent, up from 41.1 in 2002. The CPS “meets/exceeds” score for 2010 on the Illinois Standards Achievement Test was 1.9 percentage points higher than last year’s meets/exceeds score. (Scores do not include students who are English Language Learners.) CPS has shown continued progress in the numbers of its students both meeting and exceeding state standards and those exceeding state standards since 2002. Science scores rose 3.6 percentage points to 67.9; math was up 2.8 percentage points to 76.4 and reading scores gained .5 percentage points to 68.3.
- College enrollment of CPS high school graduates increased for the fifth consecutive year at a rate that outpaces the nation. In 2009, more than 10,000 CPS graduates went on to college – an all-time high – and the college enrollment rate now stands at 54.4 percent, up from 52.5 percent in 2008. In 2004, when CPS first began tracking how many of its graduates enrolled in college, 43.5 percent of former students enrolled in a post-secondary institution. The 10.9-percentage point CPS increase since then far outpaces the national increase of 3.4 points.
- Three CPS middle schools – Evergreen, Libby and Little Village Academy – were named as Illinois Horizon “Schools to Watch” by the Association of Illinois Middle-Level Schools and the National Forum to Accelerate Middle-Grades Reform. Schools to Watch is a nationally recognized, state-operated model school identification and school improvement program that focuses on students in grades 5-8. Illinois is one of 18 states across the nation to participate in Schools to Watch and currently, only 16 schools in Illinois have Schools to Watch designation. The three schools joined Thurgood Marshall Middle School as Schools to Watch within CPS.
- The District is undertaking a comprehensive re-structuring of its Career and Technical Education programs that will reorganize 250 non-standardized career programs into 80 “College and Career Academies” at 35 high schools in the coming years. The first 30 College and Career Academies opened in 12 high schools this past fall. The academies will be open to citywide enrollment, an improvement over the former CTE program which many students weren't able to access outside of their neighborhood.
The academies this year are offering programs in construction, architecture, culinary arts, hospitality, pre-engineering, auto technology and auto body repair, business and finance, medical and health careers, cosmetology, information technology, child care and childhood education, law and public safety, logistics and broadcast technology.
- A financial literacy program was launched for 900 CPS students citywide in February. Eight core areas are part of the curriculum, including post-secondary planning, budgeting, saving and investing, spending, credit, insurance and an economic way of thinking. Students in the program learn to develop realistic, measurable financial goals and plan budgets to achieve those goals. The program takes students beyond the classroom by requiring field experiences, including a visit to a four-year university and a city college to speak with representatives about financial aid. Students will also have access to "What’s Next Illinois," an interactive website that is utilized by the CPS Department of College and Career Preparation and every school. Classes will also have the opportunity to visit the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, the Federal Reserve Bank and a bank within their community.
- A pilot program employing online reading and mathematics instruction was begun in five elementary schools last fall. The Additional Learning Opportunities initiative, which will be expanded to 10 additional schools after January 1, serves to extend the CPS school day with an academic focus. Officials are viewing the ALO initiative as a way to provide more student learning time, improve student outcomes and offset the short CPS school day and school year.
- CPS’ Culture of Calm vision to create safe and engaging environments for students continues to flourish. Six plot schools have developed school transformation plans that promote positive behavior reinforcement, disciplinary alternatives to suspension, and staff engagement.
The District also partnered with faith leaders and community organizations on a pair of Safe Haven programs, one during the summer and another during the year-end holiday vacation.
Kindergarten-through-12th grade students in targeted communities were eligible to participate in the Safe Haven programs; about 1,000 students were served in the summer and some 2,500 during the holidays.
The programs focused on the theme “Stop the Violence, Stop the Silence,” and engaged students in creative activities and discussion.
District officials continued to monitor and, as needed, adjust admissions policies for the District’s selective enrollment and magnet schools.
A review of the one-year admissions policy, adopted last year following the end of the federal desegregation consent decree, was carried out by a Blue Ribbon Commission, with recommendations then forwarded to the Board of Education.
The District also opened up 25 seats at each of four top selective enrollment high schools for high-scoring eighth graders at low-performing elementary schools as an additional measure to foster diversity in those schools.
CPS officials during 2010 took a number of steps to increase operational transparency in the District.
The District’s web site now contains “position rosters”, which list in detail every employee, job title and that employee’s salary.
Also posted online was a breakdown of committed consultant dollars spent by the District.
Further, the District established a committee that will review non-competitive procurement requests and help determine the validity and adequacy of those requests.
The Chicago Board of Education established an Audit and Finance Committee which met for the first time in November.
CPS in 2010 also introduced new nutritional standards throughout the District and set the stage for schools to engage in the federal governments “Go for the Gold” campaign on childhood wellness.
The District continues to expand its Breakfast in the Classroom program. Students now receive a greater variety of fruits, vegetables and whole grains; dessert or candy-like breakfast items will no longer be offered in CPS cafeterias. Salad bars are being placed in more schools. The District is also committed to cutting sodium in the food it serves by 5 percent annually.
Other 2010 highlights:
- Chicago attorney Mary Richardson-Lowry was chosen in January by the Mayor to become president of the Chicago Board of Education. The Mayor in November also named Terry Mazany, president and chief executive officer of the Chicago Community Trust, as Interim Chief Officer of the District.
- Some 195 schools – both elementary and high schools – are now operating on the District’s “Track E”, or year-round, calendar, almost a 50 percent increase in the number of schools to adopt that schedule.
- Five newly constructed buildings, part of the Mayor’s Modern Schools Across Chicago initiative, opened this year: Solorio High School and West Ridge, Azuela, Calmeca and Lorca elementary schools.
- Chicago Public Schools students raised and donated more than $224,000 to the American Red Cross for Haitian relief following the earthquake in the Caribbean island nation.
- A “virtual” summer school program was implemented to increase focus on the individual needs of students. The online summer program allowed for both credit recovery and accelerated learning for students seeking additional opportunities.
Chicago Public Schools serves 409,279 students in 675 schools. It is the nation’s third-largest school district.